Valves are parts of the heart that help in the passage of blood from one chamber to another. Some valves are damaged mildly while the others may be damaged severely. Thus, to avoid any complications when such a situation arises, a valve repair or replacement surgery may be conducted.
Two methods are usually used for the replacement, they are:
1. Mechanical Valves- Since they are made of plastic, carbon or metal, such valves are very strong. Usually blood sticks to the same and thus blood thinning medicines may be required.
2. Biological Valves- These are made up of animal tissues called Xenograft. At times the petients own tissues can be used to replace the damaged area.
The heart is stopped while carrying on with the help of heart-lung machine that keep the blood circulation on. It is an open heart surgery and the valves that is damaged is replaced by any of the ones mentioned above.
A person suffering from heart problems followed by severe chest pain, fainting, shortness of breath & fatigue in a short span or heart murmer can be a victim of such an issue. The doctor will see such symptoms and when they regularly commit for a long time running, you may be subjected to this surgery. HealthKhoj helps patients to confirm if patient really need this procedure by providing second opinion from specialist.
There is no particular bar set to see if the person requires valve replacement or not. Blood thinning medications might come to the use as they can easily pass through the narrow area of the valve thus over the time making it a small issue. A good diet can come handy too.
The results of valve replacement are quite simple. The heart will start beating regularly after the machine is removed. The incision or the cut will be sewed with stitches thereby allowing the complete recovery of the open heart surgery. After the surgery, the patient will be in ICU and when the doctors are sure of not having any complications, the patient can go home and rest. The heart is normal as it was before the issues started to arise. Improved and prolonged life can also be expected after the surgery.
The doctor will conduct various tests such as Heart MRI and X-rays and once he is sure that the valve damaged to such an extent where it might be fatal to carry on due to risks of heart attack and valve infections, the doctor will advise you to go through the procedure.
Risks may include death in certain circumstances. Heart attack, irregular heartbeat, kidney failure and stroke that might lead to brain problems can occur after the valve replacement surgery. Low fever and chest pain for 6 months can also occur after the same.
The cost in India is 30% as compared to the western hemisphere. The price of such surgery varies from Hospital to Hospital.. HealthKhoj will provide you cost estimate of procedure at multiple Hospitals.
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